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Granite boulders and limestone were initially the preferred building materials, but after brick production reached Denmark in the middle of the 12th century, brick quickly became the material of choice.
The church at Østerlars on the island of Bornholm was built around 1150.
In parallel, the half-timbered style became popular for ordinary dwellings in towns and villages across the country.
Late in his reign, Christian IV also became an early proponent of Baroque which was to continue for a considerable time with many impressive buildings both in the capital and the provinces.
It was not, however, until the 1960s that Danish architects entered the world scene with their highly successful Functionalism.
This, in turn, has evolved into more recent world-class masterpieces such as the Sydney Opera House and the Great Belt Bridge paving the way for a number of Danish designers to be rewarded for excellence both at home and abroad.
Red brick was the material of choice as can be seen in St. Glimmingehus (1499–1506), a rectangular castle in Scania, clearly presents Gothic features.The oldest surviving half-timbered house in Denmark, built in 1527, is located in Køge on the east coast of Sealand.The Old Town in Aarhus, Jutland, is an open-air village museum consisting of 75 historical buildings collected from all parts of the country.They include a variety of half-timbered houses, some dating back to the middle of the 16th century.Renaissance architecture thrived during the reigns of Frederick II and especially Christian IV.